John Boyne’s The Boy in the Striped Pajamas is a heart-wrenching and bittersweet account of the Holocaust, told from a young boy’s perspective, whose profound innocence distinguishes the novel’s narration. Bruno is nine years old, and has just been informed by his family that they are moving away from Berlin, the only home he’s ever known, to “Out-with”, where his father has gained a high-ranking promotion to Nazi Commandant. Upon his arrival, Bruno is bewildered by the bleakness of the land, and is especially curious about the hundreds of gaunt men, women, and children dressed in striped pajamas on the opposing side of the fence. Bruno makes the acquaintance of a variety of people: Pavel, his family’s kind waiter, who was once a prominent Jewish doctor; Lieutenant Kotler, a 19-year old solider of marked cruelty; and most notably, his new friend Shmuel, a tiny boy born on the same day as Bruno, who lives on the other side of the fence. Boyne’s portrayal of Bruno’s naivety is wonderfully drawn, creating a likeable and considerate character amongst Nazi brutality, which also engages readers by challenging them to understand the terrible truth Bruno has difficulty comprehending. The Boy in the Striped Pajamas is a layered text, poignant and heartfelt, and its tragic ending renders Boyne’s novel unforgettable.