Lois Lowry’s Number the Stars is set in Copenhagen, circa 1943. Its ten-year-old heroine is Anne-Marie Johansen, whose life changes dramatically when the Nazis start rounding up Danish Jews. The Johansens quickly step in to help the Jewish Rosens, whose daughter Ellen is Annie-Marie’s best friend. Ellen assumes the role of Anne-Marie’s sister, Lise, who was murdered by the Nazis in an “accident,” while Lise’s fiancé, Peter Nielsen, takes the Rosen parents into hiding. The courageous Johansens continue to risk their lives for their humanitarian beliefs, helping others to safety, while remaining collected and calm under the scrutiny of the Nazis. They help to spirit away the Rosens to their uncle, staging a mock funeral, complete with a casket crammed with warm clothing for the people in hiding. Annie-Marie similarly shows her mettle when she carries a package to her uncle that draws the attention of German soldiers. While Lowry’s novel is not immune to tragedy, the concluding tone is hopeful with the anticipated reunion of Anne-Marie and Ellen. Number the Stars was awarded the Newbery Medal in 1990.